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Variety Charts

Grass Species Palmetto St Augustine® JaMar Zoysia® Zeon Zoysia® Meyer Zoysia Centipede Fescue Bermuda 419
Shade Tolerance High Medium High Med-High Med-High High Low
Water Requirement Medium Very-Low Medium Medium Medium High-Med Low
Cold Tolerance Medium High High High Medium High High
Traffic Tolerance Low Medium Medium High High Low High
Leaf Texture Med-Course Medium Fine Medium Medium Med-Fine Fine
Disease Potential High Low Low Med-Low Low Med-High Low
Mowing Frequency 5-7 Days 7-10 Days 7-10 Days 7-10 Days 7-10 Days 5-7 Days 3-7 Days
Mowing Height 1.5"-2.5" 1"-2" 1"-2" 1"-2" 1.5"-2.5" 2"-3" 1/2"-1.5"
Fertilizer Requirement Medium Med-Low Medium Medium Low Medium High
Palmetto St Augustine®
Shade Tolerance High
Water Requiremente Medium
Cold Tolerance Medium
Traffic Tolerance Low
Leaf Texture Med-Course
Disease Potential High
Mowing Frequency 5-7 Days
Mowing Height 1.5"-2.5"
Fertilizer Requirement Medium
JaMar Zoysia®
Shade Tolerance Medium
Water Requiremente Very-Low
Cold Tolerance High
Traffic Tolerance Medium
Leaf Texture Medium
Disease Potential Low
Mowing Frequency 7-10 Days
Mowing Height 1"-2"
Fertilizer Requirement Med-Low
Zeon Zoysia®
Shade Tolerance High
Water Requiremente Medium
Cold Tolerance High
Traffic Tolerance Medium
Leaf Texture Fine
Disease Potential Low
Mowing Frequency 7-10 Days
Mowing Height 1"-2"
Fertilizer Requirement Medium
Meyer Zoysia
Shade Tolerance Med-High
Water Requiremente Medium
Cold Tolerance High
Traffic Tolerance High
Leaf Texture Medium
Disease Potential Med-Low
Mowing Frequency 7-10 Days
Mowing Height 1"-2"
Fertilizer Requirement Medium
Centipede
Shade Tolerance Med-High
Water Requiremente Medium
Cold Tolerance Medium
Traffic Tolerance High
Leaf Texture Medium
Disease Potential Low
Mowing Frequency 7-10 Days
Mowing Height 1.5"-2.5"
Fertilizer Requirement Low
Fescue
Shade Tolerance High
Water Requiremente High-Med
Cold Tolerance High
Traffic Tolerance Low
Leaf Texture Med-Fine
Disease Potential Med-High
Mowing Frequency 5-7 Days
Mowing Height 2"-3"
Fertilizer Requirement Medium
Bermuda 419
Shade Tolerance Low
Water Requiremente Low
Cold Tolerance High
Traffic Tolerance High
Leaf Texture Fine
Disease Potential Low
Mowing Frequency 3-7 Days
Mowing Height ½" – 1.5"
Fertilizer Requirement High
Hot Weather Tolerance: Excellent
Shade Tolerance: Excellent
Wear Resistance: Good
Salt Tolerance: Good
Injury Recovery: Good
Winter Color: Dormant to Semi-Dormant
Mowing Height: 1.5 to 2.5 inches.

General Maintenance

Soil and Fertilizer:
Prefers neutral to alkaline soil – fertilize twice a year, spring and fall, with complete fertilizer (10-10-10). Use 10 pounds per 1,000 feet on each application. Apply three additional applications of nitrogen only during the summer months at a rate of 1 pound of nitrogen per 1,000 feet. (This will be around 5 pounds of the actual fertilizer.)
Watering:
During sod establishment, water every day so that the soil is soaked 3-4 inches deep. Do not allow to wilt. An additional watering might be needed. The primary watering should be done between 1 p.m. and 5 p.m. Established sod should be watered every day during the hot months and about every 4-7 days during cooler months.
Mowing:
Mow 5-7 days at 1.5 to 2.5 inches.
Fungicides:
Use Daconil to prevent disease on monthly basis.
Palmetto St. Augustine Grass
Hot Weather Tolerance: Good
Shade Tolerance: Good (3-4 hours of filtered sun)
Wear Resistance: Excellent
Salt Tolerance: Good
Injury Recovery: Excellence
Winter Color: Dormant
Mowing Height: 2 inches. Disease, Weed, and Insect resistance: Very good weed suppression, low disease problems and insect problems.

General Maintenance

Soil and Fertilizer:
Use 10-10-10 at rate of 10 pounds per 1,000 feet in spring for green-up and same application mid to late summer. p.H. level of 5.5 to 7.0.
Watering:
During sod establishment, water every day so that the soil is soaked 3-4 inches deep, and do not allow to wilt. An additional watering might be needed. The primary watering should be done between 1 p.m. and 5 p.m. Established sod should be watered every day during the hot months and about every 4-7 days during cooler months.
Mowing:
Mow every 5 to 7 days at height of 2-3 inches.
Fungicides:
Full application of Daconil.
JaMar Zoysia®
Hot Weather Tolerance: Excellent
Shade Tolerance: Medium to High
Wear Resistance: Excellent
Salt Tolerance: Excellent
Injury Recovery: Excellence
Winter Color: Dormant
Mowing Height: 1 to 2 inches.
Zeon Zoysia®
Hot Weather Tolerance: Good
Shade Tolerance: Fair
Wear Resistance: Good
Salt Tolerance: Good
Injury Recovery: Good
Winter Color: Dormant
Mowing Height: 1.5 to 2.5 inches. Disease, Weed, and Insect Tolerance: Low disease problems, has great weed suppression and very little insect problems.

General Maintenance

Soil and Fertilizer:
Apply 10 pounds of 10-10-10 per 1,000 feet in early spring and late summer. p.H. level of 5.5 to 7.0.
Watering:
During sod establishment, water every day so that the soil is soaked 3-4 inches deep. Do not allow to wilt. An additional watering might be needed. The primary watering should be done between 1 p.m. and 5 p.m. Established sod should be watered every day during the hot months and about every 4-7 days during cooler months.
Mowing:
Mow every 7-10 days at 2 inches. Make sure you remove clipping to prevent that build up.
Fungicides:
Tolerant to Daconil, sentinel or eagle.

Hot Weather Tolerance: Excellent
Shade Tolerance: Medium to Low
Wear Resistance: Fair
Salt Tolerance: Good
Injury Recovery: Good
Winter Color: Dormant
Mowing Height: 1.5" to 2.5" inches Disease, Weed, and Insect Tolerance: Use Daconil for disease prevention. Will have little to no insect problems. With a very healthy lawn at 2 inches you will have very little weed pressure.

General Maintenance

Soil and Fertilizer:
Apply first application of 10-10-10 at a rate of 5 pounds per 1,000 feet after 90 percent green-up ­– not before. Then a second application at the same rate in late summer.
Watering:
During sod establishment, water every day so that the soil is soaked 3-4 inches deep. Do not allow to wilt. An additional watering might be needed. The primary watering should be done between 1 p.m. and 5 p.m. Established sod should be watered every day during the hot months and about every 4-7 days during cooler months.
Mowing:
Mow every 2-10 days at height 2 inches.

Hot Weather Tolerance: Poor
Shade Tolerance: Excellent
Wear Resistance: Good
Salt Tolerance: Poor
Injury Recovery: Moderate
Winter Color: Green
Mowing Height: 2-4 inches once/week. Disease, Weed, and Insect Resistance: Fairly good weed control and good fungus control during cool months. Will require some attention during hot months.

General Maintenance

Soil and Fertilizer:
Grows well in clay to sandy soils neutral to alkalize soils. Above tolerance for acidic soils p.H. level of 4.5 to 8.5. Need 1 pound of actual nitrogen per 1,000 feet per growing month or every 45 days. Fertilize twice per year with 10 pounds of 10-10-10 per 1,000 feet.
Watering:
During sod establishment, water every day so that the soil is soaked 3-4 inches deep. Do not allow to wilt. An additional watering might be needed. The primary watering should be done between 1 p.m. and 5 p.m. Established sod should be watered every day during the hot months and about every 4-7 days during cooler months.
Mowing:
Every 4-7 days at height of 2-4 inches.
Fescue
Hot Weather Tolerance: Excellent
Shade Tolerance: Low-requires full sun
Wear Resistance: Very Good
Salt Tolerance: Excellent
Injury Recovery: Excellent
Winter Color: Dormant
Mowing Height: 1/2 inch to 2 inches. Disease, Weed, and Insect Resistance: Aggressive to compete with weed but will not hold them out completely. Minimum disease and insect problems.

General Maintenance

Fertilizer:
Apply complete fertilizer during spring and fall (10-10-10 at rate of 10 pounds per 1,000 feet). Make 2-3 nitrogen applications during summer. p.H. level of 5.5-7.0.
Watering:
Apply at least 1 inch of water as deep soaking every four days or as needed. During sod establishment, it will need to be watered daily between midnight and 9 a.m.
Mowing:
Needs mowing about every 4-7 days. Never remove more than 1/3 of shoot growth in one mowing. The lower you mow it, the more frequent it will need to be mowed.
Fungicide:
Tolerant to Daconil.
Herbzides:
2-40. MSMA, Dicamba, Imaxaqum, Pennant, Balen, Prowl, Betesan, Simizme.
Tifway 419 Bermuda